Colostrum Deprivation

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Colostrum Deprivation

Hypogammaglobinemia


Newborn goats have little or no immunity to disease.

Causes:

  • Antibiotics (disease protective particles) do not pass from the doe to the kid before birth. As a result, the doe builds a very high level of antibodies in the udder, primarily gamma globulin. The kid is capable of absorbing these protective bodies through the stomach and intestinal wall for a short time after birth, with peak absorption during its first 6 to 12 hours. This ability decreases rapidly over the next 12 hours; when 24 hours old, the kid can no longer absorb the antibodies.

Symptoms:Colostrum Deprivation

  • If a kid does not obtain enough colostrum, it will not have adequate disease protection. Such kids will probably be sick most of their lives.
  • If they live through the first month or 6 weeks, they will probably survive because they can then build their own immunity.
  • Many hypogammaglobinemic kids are stunted, however, and do not mature properly.

Transmission:

  • Because the doe’s first milk, called colostrum, is high in antibody level, it is very important for the kid to nurse soon after birth. It should receive about 10% of its body weight in colostrum the first day of life. This would amount to nearly 236 ml (1/2 pint) for the average-sized kid.

Treatment:

  • There is no effective treatment after condition occurs.
  • Blood transfusions sometimes help but these should be done by a veterinarian.

Prevention:

  • Be sure the kid has adequate colostrum before it is 6 hours old,
  • If the kid is weak and cold, warm it gently by applying warm water or warm towels to its body.
  • Tubing techniques using a small rubber catheter can and should be used to place warm colostrum into the stomach.

References:

Source 1:

  • Faerber, C.W., McNeal, L., Harding, R.L., Hill, K.L., Merriam, J. and Durrant, S.M., 2009.Small Ruminant Production Medicine and Management (Sheep and Goats). Animal Health Publications, Brigham City, UT.

Source 2:

Was this information helpful? Provide Feedback.