Whitmore’s Disease, Human Glanders
- Caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas pseudomallei, meliodosis is most commonly seen in South-east Asia, but also occurs in most other areas of the world.
- Symptoms of meliodosis are slight fever, loss of appetite, depression, labored breathing, coughing, and runny nose.
- Joints, lymph nodes, and testicles are sometimes swollen.
- Occasionally abscesses occur, including staggering, jerky movements, or paralysis.
- Young animals are more commonly infected, but older animals also develop the disease.
- Diagnosis is made by observing symptoms and growing the bacteria in the laboratory. Some blood and skin tests have proven useful in diagnosing this disease.
- Infection is due ti the contamination of wounds with soil containing the organism. Spread from animal to animal or animal to man is unlikely.
- Treatment is usually unsuccessful.
- Older animals sometimes recover but may get sick again when under stress.
- If you do decide to treat, use tetracycline, chloramphenicol, or sulfa drugs.
- No vaccine is available.
- As precaution, healthy animals should be kept away from areas where the disease has occurred.
- Thedford, Thomas R. Goat Health Handbook: A Field Guide for Producers with Limited Veterinary Services. Morrilton, AR: Winrock International, 1983. Print.
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