Omphalophlebitis

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Omphalophlebitis

Navel Ill, Omphalitis, Joint Ill, Pyemic Arthritis, Polyarthritis


 Causes:

  • Numerous kinds of bacteria may enter the navel stump soon after the kid is born. The arthritic form can also be caused by bacteria that enter castration or dehorning wounds.

Symptoms:

  • Symptoms of omphalophlebitis are high fever, depression, refusal to nurse, sometimes hot, painful joints, swollen and tender navel, and convulsions or fits.
  • Symptoms usually occur quickly but may be delayed for more than a month. When delayed, the symptoms are usually seen as swelling and soreness of all joints, unwillingness to stand, some mild fever, and occasionally convulsive seizures (fits).
  • The most common symptom observed is an enlarged and hard navel stump in a very young animal.

Transmission:

  • The organism grows and enters the blood stream (septicemia).

Treatment:

  • If the condition is long-standing or the kid is 1 to 2 months old, treatment is of little benefit.
  • Infections in the very young (under 2 weeks) will usually respond to injections of antibiotics—penicillin, chloramphenicol, tetracyclines, and sulfa drugs.
  • If the joints are involved, or the kid is having fits, chances of full recovery are poor.

Prevention:

  • Prevention is the best procedure. Clean surroundings, clean hands when delivering the newborn, and dipping the navel stump in 7% iodine work very well.

References:

  • Thedford, Thomas R. Goat Health Handbook: A Field Guide for Producers with Limited Veterinary Services. Morrilton, AR: Winrock International, 1983. Print.

Was this information helpful? Provide Feedback.