Peste Des Petits Ruminants

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Peste Des Petits Ruminants

Pseudorinderpest of Small Ruminants, Peste of Sheep and Goats, Kata, PPR, Stomatitis-Pneumoenteritis Syndrome


Causes:

  • The disease is caused by virus and has been reported only in West Africa.

Symptoms:

  • A sudden rise in temperature, up to 41C (106F), is seen in goats that appear dull and restless. They have a dull coat, a dry muzzle with a clear discharge, very little appetite, and reddening around the eyes.
  • There may be some red or raw areas in the mouth.
  • Diarrhea, dehydration, emaciation, and collapse sometimes occur.
  • Pneumonia may develop as a complication. Most infected goats die within 8 to 10 days.
  • Several other diseases have similar symptoms, thus laboratory diagnosis should be made using blood and culture tests. It has been reported to 10 to 90% fatal in goats.

Transmission:

  • It is transmitted by direct contact with sick animals or with areas where sick animals have been recently kept.
  • All tissues and fluids from sick animals contain the virus and are considered infectious.
  • Cattle exposed to the virus do not become sick but do become immune to rinderpest.

Treatment:

  • There is no effective treatment.

Prevention:

  • A vaccine that will protect sheep and goats for 1 year is available in some areas.

References:

Source 1:

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