- Any number of diseases affecting the eye(s) of animal
- It can be highly contagious (to humans as well) seen mostly in summer and fall.
- Inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva
- Mycoplasma conjunctiva, M. agalactia, Chlamydia psittiaci and a host of bacteria have been incriminated as causative agents
- Side of face is wet due to discharge from eyes.
- The conjunctiva of eye is red and swollen, the cornea may develop a slight haze or entirely opaque.
- A few animals develop a corneal ulcer.
- The eye is painful and held partially to completely closed.
- Permanent blindness is possible.
- Direct contact between animals, dust from feed or flies and dust transporting infectious agent from animal to animal.
- Separate animal from herd especially if it is infectious
- Antibiotics – injectable, powder or ointment (Oxytetracycline, Tylosin), conjunctival flap, topical anesthetics, remove animal from sunlight, remove or cut down dust and flies.
- Mildly affected goats can recover w/o treatment within 10-14 days
- Separate infected animals.
- Isolate new animals, control dust and fly population, access to shade
- Faerber, C.W., McNeal, L., Harding, R.L., Hill, K.L., Merriam, J. and Durrant, S.M., 2009.Small Ruminant Production Medicine and Management (Sheep and Goats). Animal Health Publications, Brigham City, UT.
- Small Ruminant Info Sheet by Susan Schoenian on 21-Dec-2009. University of Maryland Extension.
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