- Caused by a blood parasite of sheep and goats transmitted by the bite of a tsetse fly and caused by Trypanosoma brucei, T. congolense, and T. vivax.
- Symptoms of trypanosomiasis are primarily anemia, chronic weakness, and weight loss.
- Sheep and goats are not severely affected by these diseases, probably because the tsetse fly seldom feeds on them.
- Several African breeds appear to be trypanosome tolerant.
- This disease is seen only where the tsetse fly is found in Africa.
- Treatment consist of injections of diminazene aceturate (Berenil) and homidium compounds (Novidium and Ethidium) and controlling the tsetse fly.
- When crossbreeding trypanosome-tole-rant native goats with exotic breeds to improve production, the kids will ususally be more susceptible to trypanosomes than their native parent; but they will be more tolerant than their exotice parent.
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