Trypanosomiasis

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Trypanosomiasis

Nagana, Sannare


Causes:

  • Caused by a blood parasite of sheep and goats transmitted by the bite of a tsetse fly and caused by Trypanosoma brucei, T. congolense, and T. vivax.

Symptoms:

  • Symptoms of trypanosomiasis are primarily anemia, chronic weakness, and weight loss.

Transmission:

  • Sheep and goats are not severely affected by these diseases, probably because the tsetse fly seldom feeds on them.
  • Several African breeds appear to be trypanosome tolerant.
  • This disease is seen only where the tsetse fly is found in Africa.

Treatment:

  • Treatment consist of injections of diminazene aceturate (Berenil) and homidium compounds (Novidium and Ethidium) and controlling the tsetse fly.

Prevention:

  • When crossbreeding trypanosome-tole-rant native goats with exotic breeds to improve production, the kids will ususally be more susceptible to trypanosomes than their native parent; but they will be more tolerant than their exotice parent.

References:

Source 1:

 

Was this information helpful? Provide Feedback.